Scrum has its origins in Organizational Patterns of Agile Software Development which has in turn has its origins in A Pattern Language by Christopher Alexander. A Pattern Language is full of patterns about towns, buildings and construction. In the towns section one pattern really stands out to a Scrummaster and must surely have been an influence in Scrum.
“80 Self-Governing Workshops and Offices” states “A man enjoys his work when he understands the whole and when he is responsible for the quality of the whole. He can only understand the whole and be responsible for the whole when the work which happens in society, all of it, is undertaken by people small self-governing groups; groups small enough to give people understanding through face-to-face contact, and autonomous enough to let the workers themselves govern their own affairs” page 399.